A number of adjectives with the suffix -ive are derived from verbs. The verbs end with the sound /d/. This changed to /s/ as a result of spirantization.
Here is a list of adjectives formed from verbs:
The adjectives exhibit spirantization:
comprehend + ive = comprehensive
conclude + ive = conclusive
decide + ive = decisive
defend + ive = defensive
divide + ive = divisive
expand + ive = expansive
explode + ive = explosive
offend + ive = offensive
persuade + ive = persuasive
respond + ive = responsive
Many adjectives with the suffix -sive are derived from base verbs which have final syllable stress and end in /d/. The /d/ later changed to /s/, a sound change known as spirantization. Spirantization is a type of palatalization, one in which a plosive changes into a fricative before a high vowel. This sound change is one of many in English.
Related languages have a number of words which are similar to one another. In the branch of linguistics known as historical linguistics, the...
The opera "Turandot" features an Asian princess who many men wish to marry. However, if they wish to do so, they must answer thre...
Though English stress is normally on the first syllable of the word, it can in fact appear on any syllable. It is rather difficult to predic...
English has eight inflectional affixes. They are affixes which have a grammatical function but do not change the class of a word. They alw...