Austrian German differs from other varieties in pronunciation and vocabulary. Many words are different from those used in standard German. Here is a list with the standard word on the left and the Austrian on the right:
Abitur Matura (high school diploma)
Geldautomat Bankomat (ATM)
Schornstein Rauchfang (chimney)
Treppe Stiege (stairs)
Krankenhaus Spital (hospital)
Umschlag Kuvert (envelope)
Anlieger Anrainer (resident)
Kartoffel Erdapfel (potato)
Johannisbeere Ribisel (currant)
Brotzeit Jause (snack)
Blumenkohl Karfiol (cauliflower)
Aprikose Marille (apricot)
Mais Kukuruz (corn)
Tomate Paradeiser (tomato)
Pflaume Zwetschge (plum)
Many of the words in the list are related to food. The Austrian words for food are often similar to those of neighbouring languages such as Hungarian and Slovenian. However, despite the differences in vocabulary between Austrian German and standard German, the speakers of both varieties usually have little difficulty in understanding one another.
Related languages have a number of words which are similar to one another. In the branch of linguistics known as historical linguistics, the...
The opera "Turandot" features an Asian princess who many men wish to marry. However, if they wish to do so, they must answer thre...
English has eight inflectional affixes. They are affixes which have a grammatical function but do not change the class of a word. They alw...
Though English stress is normally on the first syllable of the word, it can in fact appear on any syllable. It is rather difficult to predic...