Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Spanish Loanwords in Tagalog

Tagalog has many Spanish loanwords.  This is due to the fact that the Philippines was a colony of Spain for over 300 years.  Tagalog has more loanwords from Spanish than from any other language.  The following provides a list of a few loanwords in Tagalog.  On the left is the Tagalog spelling followed by the Spanish spelling on the right and the English translation in parentheses.

arina harina (flour)
bisikleta bicicleta (bicycle)
bodega bodega (warehouse)
departamento departamento (department)
eskwela escuela (school)
gwapo guapo (handsome)
giyera guerra (war)
hustisya justicia (justice)
istudyante estudiante (student)
kalye calle (street)
kabayo caballo (horse)
karne carne (meat)
kotse coche (car)
mundo mundo (world)
probinsya provincia (province)
relo reloj (wristwatch)
sapatos zapatos (shoes)
silya silla (chair)
tuwalya toalla (towel)
yelo hielo (ice)

The list provides examples of Spanish loanwords in Tagalog.  From the list it is clear that the ll of Spanish corresponds to the ly in Tagalog.  Also, the c, v and z of Spanish correspond to the k, b and s of Tagalog.  In the case of a soft c in Spanish such as bicicleta (bicycle), the c is an s in Tagalog.  The short list clearly illustrates the influence of Spanish in the Tagalog language.

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